Physical Therapy, also called rehabilitative physical therapy, is one of many allied healthcare professions that, by applying evidence based kinesiology, treatment, medication, electro-dermal management, mobilization, physical therapy, and exercise prescription to a person’s illness or injury, provides rehabilitation. This type of rehabilitation differs from that used in an acute care hospital in that it does not focus on the quick fix but the long-term outcome for the patient. It focuses on the patient’s strengths and weaknesses, both mental and physical.
Physical Therapy has been a widely recognized healthcare profession since the 1960’s. In fact, it was first referred to as Orthopedic Physical Therapy (OOPT). The primary objective of OOPT is to rehabilitate patients with musculoskeletal conditions or injuries so they are able to function normally and safely within their environment and community. It takes into consideration physical, mental, and environmental factors that affect the condition of the patient such as, injury, genetic predisposition, and environmental influences.
Physical Therapy is an important part of healthcare delivery today. It is considered a key component in the overall care and treatment of individuals with musculoskeletal injuries. Physical Therapy, specifically, can be defined as the study, diagnosis, and treatment of a range of physical disabilities. It can include sports injuries, neurological disorders, degenerative joint diseases, and neuromuscular disorders. It can also include rehabilitative movements that involve exercise and the development of new motor skills.
Physical Therapy professionals are generally responsible for the evaluation, management, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention of conditions or injuries. The primary goal of this type of therapy is to improve the quality of life of a person with physical disabilities, as well as the ability to perform daily activities. Physical Therapy also works with the patient to identify their strengths and weaknesses and then uses these factors to help treat their specific condition. It uses techniques and exercises to improve the strength, and flexibility of the body, as well as improve the range of motion and function.
The role of a physical therapist is very important and often the primary role for the individual with a physical disability. They must understand that their patient’s greatest strength may be their most limiting factor and use all available treatment techniques, equipment, and knowledge to improve that strength. And reduce any limitations. As a result, physical therapists must be highly educated in a range of physical therapy equipment, anatomy, rehabilitation, and biomechanics.
Physical Therapy professionals will typically work with the patient at a clinic, hospital, home, or other healthcare facility. The goal of a physical therapy session will be to rehabilitate the patient and return him or her to their normal routine, which may include daily activity. Once the rehabilitation program is complete, the physical therapist may be asked to take the patient back to school or begin a new activity. The physical therapist’s goal is to enable the patient to move around and participate in their daily activities without restriction, even if this requires a significant amount of change in their lifestyle. There are many different kinds of physical therapy.
Physical Therapy can take many forms and can also refer patients to specialists such as orthopedic surgeons or physical therapist assistants, who will have a specific focus on rehabilitation. Physical Therapy is one of many types of medicine that combines the science of diagnosis and therapy to give patients the best chance for recovery.
Physical Therapy professionals who work with the elderly can help them maintain independence by teaching them how to use their own personal mobility devices like cane, walkers, etc. This type of therapy is often referred to as independent living or independence therapy. Physical Therapy is considered an important part of elder’s medical care and is often required for people with many different age and/or disabilities.